The era of blockchain, crypto, smart contracts, and everything web3 is moving ahead in full swing. New decentralized applications are taking all the limelight in the modern tech landscape. You might be wondering about the necessity of a Hardhat tutorial for developing decentralized applications. 

The most popular development platform for decentralized applications is Ethereum. As the number of developers seeking opportunities in the creation of dApps continues to increase, the demand for a straightforward and simple development process. Hardhat is one of the most prominent answers for solving the problems in smart contract development. It helps in simplifying the process of developing Ethereum-based decentralized applications. 

Therefore, aspiring developers must learn about the Hardhat blockchain development environment and the best practices for using it. The following discussion offers a detailed overview of Hardhat and its different functionalities to understand the platform better. 

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Definition of Hardhat


The complications in web3 and blockchain development could be quite challenging for beginners. Therefore, the right tools for making the process easier and more efficient can be the best course of action for every programmer. In such cases, the right blockchain development framework could work wonders for ensuring the easier execution of different steps in the development workflow. The answer to “What is Hardhat blockchain?” can explain what it actually is. Hardhat is a development environment that helps developers in testing, compiling, deploying, and debugging dApps on the Ethereum blockchain. It serves a crucial role in supporting coders and developers with the management of tasks, which are important for smart contract and dApp development

Hardhat smart contract development environment offers suitable tools to developers for managing the development workflow. In addition, Hardhat also ensures efficiency by introducing automation in specific steps alongside the facility of new and productive functions. Hardhat features a pre-built local Ethereum network tailored for the core objective of development. The Hardhat Solidity equation is clearly evident in the framework’s focus on Solidity debugging. At the same time, Hardhat also features the facility of stack traces and messages for dApp failure. As a result, developers can have the necessary tools at hand to identify the instance and cause for the failure of applications. It can also offer the necessary answer to solve the problems underlying the application failure. 

Another important highlight of Hardhat refers to the plugins, which offer a diverse range of utilities. The plugins ensure that developers can choose the ones they want to add to the development process. Even if you can find in-build default plugins, you can override them according to your needs. Hardhat basically does not care about the tools or functionalities developers want in their programs.

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 What is Hardhat Runner?

The most important requirement for Hardhat deploy operations would refer to Hardhat Runner. It is the command-line interface or CLI command used for interactions with Hardhat. Hardhat Runner is more like a task runner, which offers multiple alternatives and options to users. Developers must note that a major share of the design for the task runner emphasizes tasks and plugins. The design of the task runner also implies that developers run a task every time they run Hardhat from the CLI. The example command for running Hardhat from CLI would be the following,

npx hardhat compile

When you run the command in Hardhat blockchain, it would begin the in-built compile task. Subsequently, one task could call another task, thereby leading to easier development and definition of complex workflows. In addition, developers could also use Hardhat for overriding already existing tasks, thereby enabling options for extending or customizing workflows.

What is the Hardhat Network?

The next important highlight in the Hardhat tutorial refers to the Hardhat Network. According to the definition of Hardhat, the smart contract development framework features a pre-built local Ethereum network. The local Ethereum network helps in supporting development tasks on Hardhat. It is an integral requirement for developers to work on testing, running, debugging, and deploying decentralized application code and smart contracts. 

Working of Hardhat Network

The working of the Hardhat network accounts for another promising highlight in understanding the Hardhat Solidity development framework. One of the first details about the functioning of the Hardhat network points out the mining of a block for every transaction, without encountering any delays. In addition, the network also relies on the support of an EVM implementation, just like the one used on platforms such as Ganache, Remix, and Ethereum Studio. On top of it, the network also offers support for multiple hard forks such as Petersburg, Byzantium, and Constantinople. 

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Using the Hardhat Network

The Hardhat Network comes with certain default behaviors. One of the common examples refers to the framework starting an instance when the network is empty or the “defaultNetwork” value has been configured as “hardhat”. Developers can use the network for running scripts, tests, and different tasks. The Hardhat smart contract development framework also allows the addition of many productive plugins. For example, you can add some popular plugins such as Truffle, ethers.js, and Waffle, among other additions. Interestingly, all the plugins come with the assurance of a direct connection to the provider. It is also important to note that external clients like Metamask can also connect to the Hardhat network, thereby improving its functionality.

What is Solidity Stack Traces?

The guide to “What is Hardhat blockchain?” would also shed light on the significance of Solidity stack traces. Hardhat supports Solidity in accordance with a well-recognized standard, and the network has a clear idea regarding the contracts running on the network. In addition, the network also knows about the intended objectives of the Solidity smart contracts. At the same time, the Hardhat network also identifies the reason behind the failure of smart contracts effectively. In the event of a failed call or transaction, the network would offer an exception to the users. 

The exception would serve a combined JavaScript and Solidity stack trace, thereby establishing the Hardhat Solidity interplay. It clearly suggests that the stack trace would begin in JavaScript and continue in the same format till the call of a contract. Subsequently, the stack trace includes a complete Solidity call stack. As a result, developers can use the stack traces by the network for identifying the exact reason for the failure of the contract or transaction. 

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Automatic Error Messages

The Hardhat network has the ability to figure out the instance of failure of a call or transaction. In addition, it can also pinpoint the exact reason for the failure of the transaction or calls. As a result, developers can use the Hardhat blockchain development framework for easier and more efficient debugging. Upon the failure of a transaction without any clearly identified reason, the network provides clarity by offering an explanation for the error in detail. The automatic error messages play a vital role in the debugging process and can encounter different situations. Some of the common cases where the network would display automatic error messages include the following.

  • When users call a function without specifying the correct parameters.
  • Using a non-contract account for calling an external function.
  • Incorrect call for a precompiled contract.
  • Sending Ether (ETH) to a contract without a payable fallback or receive function.
  • Deploying contracts on the Hardhat network which surpass the bitcode size limit.
  • Sending an inadequate amount of Ether or ETH.

The efficiency of Hardhat in defining the automatic error messages helps in ensuring profound valuable improvements for developers. Most important of all, developers can have the advantage of better speed in their debugging process before deploying the code.

Installation of Hardhat

The most basic highlight in a guide on Hardhat would refer to the methods to install hardhats as it is the starting point of a developer’s journey. Interestingly, you don’t have to go through complicated steps and lots of instructions for installing Hardhat. The installation of Hardhat for Ethereum development is quite an easy task you can manage on your own and complete within a few minutes. First of all, you must remember that Hardhat is used through local installation in the projects of a developer. The primary reason for the same reflects on the need for reproducing the environment to stay away from any version conflicts in the future. You can use the following command for installing Hardhat. 

npm install --save-dev hardhat

You must note that the initial step in the installation process emphasizes on creation of the npm project. Users can achieve the same by identifying an empty folder and running the “npm init” command, followed by complying with the specified instructions. Once you are prepared to finalize a project and set it on course for development, you must use the Hardhat installation command. During the installation process, you must keep in mind that you have to use the local installation. The recommended approach for using the local installation refers to the “npx” command. You can think of an example like “npx hardhat” for using the local installation. 

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Using Hardhat

The biggest highlight in any Hardhat tutorial would obviously draw the discussion towards practical methods for using Hardhat. Beginners can explore the possibilities with Hardhat and its functionalities by using a sample project as a reference. You can start using Hardhat once you have finalized the installation of the barebones variant of the development environment. After finalizing the installation of the development environment, users can run different tasks and tests as well as compile code and use the Hardhat network. It can also help developers in deploying contracts without installing any plugins. 

If you want to start a Hardhat Solidity development project, then you must begin by creating a project. Developers can use the “npx hardhat” command in the project folder for starting a project. Once you have completed the task, you can create a basic sample project for exploring the best practices to start using Hardhat. Remember that the sample project would ask developers for the installation of “hardhat-ethers” and “hardhat-waffle” to enable support for Waffle tests.

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The work of developers in using Hardhat blockchain would primarily revolve around tasks. Therefore, it is important to look for the available tasks, and you can do so by executing the “npx hardhat” command. By using a barebones variant of Hardhat without leveraging any plugins, you can find few in-built tasks. On the other hand, you can find more tasks as you keep adding plugins. One of the examples of a task would refer to the “accounts” task. You can run the task with the command “npx hardhat accounts” as the input, and the outcome would provide a list of accounts associated with the project. 


Another notable highlight in Hardhat smart contract development use cases would refer to the compilation of code. The ability for compiling code is an essential highlight for Ethereum development. In this case, you can go through the smart contracts of the project by using the “contracts/” folder. All you need to do is use the following command for compiling code,

npx hardhat compile

Testing and Deploying Contracts

The list of functionalities in Hardhat also draws attention to testing and deploying contracts. You can add libraries from Waffle tests and Ethers.js for testing and add other libraries if needed. The command for testing contracts in Hardhat would be like this,

npx hardhat test

After finalizing the tests, you can look for Hardhat deploy process by leveraging a script. The sample-script.js can help you deploy the contract by using the following command.

npx hardhat run scripts/sample-script.js

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Bottom Line

The overview of the fundamentals of Hardhat suggests that it is a truly comprehensive smart contract and blockchain development framework. It is a powerful development environment with an in-built Ethereum network at the core for creating, testing, compiling, and deploying contracts. The functionalities outlined in the Hardhat tutorial also emphasize the necessity of stack traces and automated error messages. With the help of these features, Hardhat can ensure plausible improvements in the simplicity and speed of creating and deploying smart contracts. 

The next crucial highlight of Hardhat refers to the facility for extending and customizing the functionalities of your contract code. Developers can capitalize on plugins and libraries to enhance different aspects of their decentralized applications and contracts. Learn more about Hardhat and how to use it for decentralized application development right now.

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*Disclaimer: The article should not be taken as, and is not intended to provide any investment advice. Claims made in this article do not constitute investment advice and should not be taken as such. 101 Blockchains shall not be responsible for any loss sustained by any person who relies on this article. Do your own research!