The arrival of ChatGPT changed conventional perceptions about AI and introduced a new paradigm, generative AI. As a matter of fact, it is still the most preferred AI chatbot that helps with different tasks, including writing emails or brainstorming for new projects. However, ChatGPT also has some limitations. Therefore, the ChatGPT vs. Gemini debate has been gaining momentum as Google Gemini is a new and powerful competitor in the generative AI space.

Google introduced its generative AI tool, Bard, in March 2023 and rebranded it as Google Gemini in February 2024. Both of them have been responsible for the growing buzz around generative AI. The efforts of OpenAI and Google to encourage the growth of generative AI is commendable. Let us find out more about the differences between ChatGPT and Google Gemini to choose the ideal AI chatbot for desired use cases. 

Certified AI Professional Certification

Overview of the Two Prominent AI Chatbots 

Google is the most recent addition among tech giants investing efforts in refining their generative AI tools. With the experiments on Gemini 1.5 Pro underway, you can notice how Google has sped up its efforts to grow Gemini. The functionalities of ChatGPT and Gemini are similar in many ways.

However, the generative AI tools also share similarities in their setbacks, such as the possibility of artificial intelligence hallucinations. On the other hand, both of them have been adopted by consumers and businesses that seek automation of time-consuming tasks. Let us go through an overview of the two generative AI tools before uncovering the differences between them. 

  • Fundamentals of ChatGPT

ChatGPT is the AI chatbot that introduced the world to generative AI in 2022 and became the hottest topic in technology in 2023. Garnering 1 million users in only five days of its launch is definitely a feat that ChatGPT would be remembered for. The Gemini vs. ChatGPT debate would draw your attention towards the use of the generative pre-trained transformer or GPT model.

The free version of ChatGPT uses the GPT-3.5 model, while the paid version or ChatGPT Plus runs on the GPT-4 model. Some of the notable applications of ChatGPT include creation of content for social media posts, blogs and emails, simulation and training, virtual assistant development, code generation, and research assistance. 

Want to develop the skill in ChatGPT to familiarize yourself with the AI language model? Enroll now in ChatGPT Fundamentals Course

  • Fundamentals of Google Gemini 

Gemini is Google’s generative AI model, which was developed by Google DeepMind AI researchers. Google had initially introduced the Bard generative AI tool in March 2023 and rebranded it as Gemini in February 2024. The unique rebranding happened after Google launched the Gemini Advanced powered by Ultra 1.0 LLM. 

The Gemini vs. ChatGPT comparison draws attention to the fact that Gemini has been designed for information retrieval in the form of simple answers. In addition, Google Gemini also has multimodal capabilities that enable a better understanding of audio, computer code, and video alongside text.

Discovering the Major Differences between ChatGPT and Gemini 

The capabilities of ChatGPT and Google Gemini have reached a level where a beginner would assume that both of them are the same tools. For example, both of them offer free access and have paid subscription services with identical pricing. In addition, both of them are used for the same applications and have similar interfaces. 

On the other hand, the difference between Gemini and ChatGPT has become more evident with the evolution of new variants of Gemini with improved language models. Here is an overview of the important factors that establish clear differences between ChatGPT and Google Gemini.

  • Training Models

ChatGPT has been developed on the foundations of the GPT language model, primarily the GPT-3.5 and GPT-4 versions. You can access the functionalities of these training models in distinct versions, as the GPT-3.5 model powers the free version. ChatGPT Plus users can leverage the capabilities of the GPT-4 model. 

At this point, questions like “Is Gemini AI better than ChatGPT?” draw attention to the models used in Gemini. You can find three different training models underlying the working of Google Gemini in different capacities. Gemini Pro is the suitable pick for different types of generative AI tasks, while Gemini Ultra is an ideal choice for extremely complex tasks. The Gemini Nano model is a trusted tool for enabling access to Gemini functionalities on mobile devices. Furthermore, the Gemini Advanced version that runs on Uthe ltra 1.0 model is more advanced and faster than Gemini Pro.

Want to understand the importance of ethics in AI, ethical frameworks, principles, and challenges? Enroll now in Ethics Of Artificial Intelligence (AI) Course

  • Data Sources 

Another important aspect of a ChatGPT vs. Gemini debate is the data used to train them. It is a crucial determinant of their accuracy in dealing with generative AI tasks. GPT-3.5 relies on predefined data collection that is limited to January 2022. On the other hand, the GPT-4 model uses data collected before April 2023.

Interestingly, Gemini does not have any boundaries when it comes to training data as it leverages data sourced from the internet. The underlying models of Gemini have been tuned to choose data from sources that align with the relevant topics, such as coding and latest scientific research. 

It is important to note that the ChatGPT and Gemini comparison in terms of training data would turn in favor of Gemini. For example, Gemini Ultra uses a massive dataset that includes 1.6 trillion parameters alongside a training dataset that features 1.56 trillion words.

On the other side of the debate, GPT-4 has only 1.5 trillion parameters and a training dataset that includes 13 trillion tokens. With more parameters, Gemini has better capabilities to learn and understand language. At the same time, you must also note that Gemini and ChatGPT have been expanding consistently.           

  • Data Privacy 

Generative AI users must also be conscious about the privacy of their valuable data. Data privacy is an important facet in a Gemini vs. ChatGPT difference table, as both of them store user data. ChatGPT stores all the queries and prompts that users enter in the generative AI tool, as it allows users to view their previous conversations by using the archive feature.

Users can delete the responses and conversations. However, ChatGPT may continue using the responses to train its underlying LLM, thereby creating privacy concerns. OpenAI has also disclosed that ChatGPT collects contact details, network activity, and geo-location data.

The privacy policy of OpenAI implies that it collects personal information provided by users, such as contact information, transaction history, name, and payment card information. OpenAI can also reveal geo-location data to third parties, such as service providers and vendors, as well as law enforcement agencies. On the other hand, OpenAI also states that the user would retain complete ownership rights of input data and output. 

Google Gemini works differently when it comes to data storage and privacy. It stores the conversations in the Google Account of users for 18 months. However, a Gemini vs. ChatGPT comparison must also emphasize the fact that users can modify the retention period.

On the other hand, interactions with Gemini can appear in searches, thereby creating privacy concerns. Google also claims that it collects data on usage information, conversations, feedback, and location. On top of it, Google has also stated that it would share information with third parties with the consent of users and strengthen law enforcement. 

Certified Prompt Engineering Expert Certification

  • User Experience

The most important difference between Gemini and ChatGPT is the element of user experience. ChatGPT users can log into the free ChatGPT version by using any email account. In addition, it offers an API that helps integrate OpenAI LLMs into third-party software. It does not have a ‘Save’ option, implying that users can copy and paste ChatGPT responses into other applications.

However, you cannot find an ‘Archive’ button that can help in faster retrieval of conversations. As of now, ChatGPT free version works only on text and does not include support for images, links, charts, or videos. On top of that, the free version does not allow users to browse the internet. Interestingly, you can access ChatGPT’s functionalities through different Windows apps. 

The interface of Gemini Pro offers users the choice of liking or disliking a response. Users can also find options for modifying the tone or size of the response and even fact-check responses. Gemini also includes a feature for exporting responses to Gmail or Google Docs. Gemini offers the flexibility for uploading images. Although Google Ultra 1.0 does not have an API, Google has plans to integrate Gemini into Google apps such as Gmail and Docs. 

Here is a simple overview of the differences between ChatGPT and Gemini.

ChatGPT vs Gemini

Final Words 

The differences between OpenAI ChatGPT and Google Gemini showcase that their performance varies by subtle margins. It is difficult to find a clear answer to the question, “Is Gemini AI better than ChatGPT?” as both of them are leading forces in the generative AI landscape.

However, the differences between their capabilities would play a major role in determining the ideal way to use them for different tasks. On the other hand, ChatGPT and Google Gemini have been expanding their capabilities continuously, thereby making them more effective. Enroll in 101 Blockchains’ AI certification Program and learn more about the fundamentals of Gemini and ChatGPT to uncover more differences between them right away.

Unlock your career with 101 Blockchains' Learning Programs